Rates of income tax
No change has been made in the slab rates of Income-tax for individuals, HUF, AOP, BOI,
firms and companies.
Surcharge @10% of tax payable on categories of individuals whose annual taxable income
is between Rs.50 lakhs and Rs.1 crore shall remain the same.
Surcharge @15% for taxable income above Rs.1 crore shall remain the same.
Health & Education Cess @ 4% will remain same.
Benefit of Rebate of income tax in case of certain individuals – Section 87A
The existing provisions of Section 87A provide for a rebate of Rs. 2500 from the income
tax payable to a resident individual if the total income does not exceed Rs. 350,000.
The section has been amended to increase the limit of total income available to
Individual residents of India from 350,000 to Rs. 500,000 to avail rebate under section
87A of the Income Tax Act,1961 (‘the Act’).
Hence, rebate under section 87A of the Act has been increased to Rs. 12,500/- as
compared to earlier Rs. 2,500/-.
The change can be explained with the help of following comparative table:-
|Tax liability (Pre Budget)
|Tax liability (Post Budget)
|Note: Health & Education Cess at 4% shall be in addition to income-tax
Tax Deducted at Source
Increase in threshold limit for deduction of tax from interest on deposits
Threshold limit for deduction of tax from interest (other than interest from securities) paid or payable by a banking company or Co-operative bank or Post office is proposed to be increased from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 40,000. From April 1, 2019, the deductor (i.e., banks, post-office, etc.) shall be liable to deduct tax if the interest payable on deposits (i.e., term deposits, recurring deposits, fixed deposits, etc.) exceed the threshold limit specified in below table.
Indian Stamp Act , 1899
The Finance Bill, 2019 proposes amendment in Indian Stamp Act, 1899 for better administration of stamp duty collection on securities market instruments. It proposes that Stamp duties would be levied on one instrument relating to one transaction and would be collected at one place through the Stock Exchanges. The duty so collected will be shared with the State Governments on the basis of domicile of buying client. Insertion of new Part AA in Chapter II of Act – Of the liability of intruments of transaction in stock exchanges and depositories to duty has been done which is as follows:
As per Section 9A, Transaction in stock exchanges and depositories to duty in case of
Sale of securities
The stamp-duty on each sale transaction shall be collected on behalf of the State Government by the stock exchange or a clearing corporation authorised by it, from its buyer on the market value of such securities at the time of settlement of transactions.
Transfer of securities
The stamp-duty on transfer shall be collected on behalf of the State Government by the depository from the transferor of such securities on the consideration amount specified therein.
Creation/Change in the records of depository
The stamp-duty on the allotment list shall be collected on behalf of the State Government by the depository from the issuer of securities on the total market value of the securities.
The instruments referred to above shall be chargeable with duty as provided therein at the rate specified in Schedule I and such instruments need not be stamped.
No duty shall be charged or collected by the State Government on any instrument associated with transactions mentioned above.
As per Section 9B, Transaction in securities other than stock exchanges and depositories to duty in case of :
Issue of Securities
The stamp-duty on each issue shall be payable by the issuer, at the place where its registered office is located, on the total market value of the securities so issued at the rate specified in Schedule I.
Sale or transfer or reissue of securites
The stamp-duty on each sale or transfer or reissue shall be payable by the seller or transferor or issuer, as the case may be, on the consideration amount specified in such instrument at the rate specified in Schedule I.”
Goods & Service Tax
The average monthly tax collection in the current year is Rs. 97,100 crore per month as compared to Rs. 89,700 crore per month in the first year
GST registered SME units will get 2% interest rebate on incremental loan of 1 Crore.
Small service providers with turnover up to 50 lakhs can now opt for composition scheme and pay GST at 6% instead of 18%.
Exemptions from GST for small businesses doubled from Rs. 20 lakh to Rs. 40 lakh
Small businesses having turnover up to Rs. 1.5 crore pay only 1% flat rate and file one annual return only
Soon, businesses comprising over 90% of GST payers to be allowed to file quarterly return with turnover upto Rs 5 crore.
Custom Duty abolished on 36 Capital Goods
To promote “Make in India”, the Finance Bill, 2019 rationalizes custom duty and procedures. The Custom Duty has been abolished on 36 Capital Goods.
Prevention of Money-laundering Act, 2002
Time limit for attachment of property under PMLA to be hiked from 90 days to 365 days
The Finance Bill, 2019 seeks to amend Section 8(3) of the Prevention of Money-laundering Act, 2002 so as to extend the period of investigation from 90 days to 365 during which the attachment shall remain valid. It also provides that in computing the period of 365 days, the period during which the investigation is stayed by any court shall be excluded.
Key Policy Announcements
12 crore small and marginal farmers to be provided with assured yearly income of Rs. 6000 per annum under PM-KISAN. Outlay of Rs. 75,000 crore for FY 2019-20 with additional Rs. 20,000 crore in RE 2018-19
2% interest subvention to Farmers for Animal husbandry and Fisheries activities; additional 3% in case of timely repayment.
Interest subvention of 2% during disaster will now be provided for the entire period of reschedulement of loan
Pradhan Mantri Shram-Yogi Maandhan
The scheme proposes to benefit the unorganised sector workers such as street vendors, rickshaw pullers, construction workers, rag pickers, agricultural workers, beedi workers, handloom, leather and in numerous other similar occupations.
This pension yojana shall provide them an assured monthly pension of 3,000 from the age of 60 years on a monthly contribution of a small affordable amount during their working age.
A worker joining pension yojana at the age of 29 years will have to contribute only 100 per month till the age of 60 years.
A worker joining the pension yojana at 18 years, will have to contribute as little as 55 per month only.
The Government will deposit equal share in the pension account of the worker every month.
Defence budget to cross Rs 3,00,000 crore for the first time ever
Indian filmmakers to get access to Single window clearance as well for ease of shooting films
Ten dimensions of Vision for India of 2030
India would be a modern, technology driven, high growth, equitable and transparent society
To build physical as well as social infrastructure and to provide ease of living
To create a Digital India, digitize government processes with leaders from youth
Making India pollution free by leading transport revolution with Electric Vehicles and focus on Renewables
Expanding rural industrialisation using modern digital technologies to generate massive employment
Clean Rivers, safe drinking water to all Indians and efficient use of water through micro-irrigation
Besides scaling up of Sagarmala, Coastline and Ocean waters powering India’s development and growth
Aim at our space programme – Gaganyaan, India becoming the launch-pad of satellites for the World and placing an Indian astronaut into space by 2022
Making India self-sufficient in food, exporting to the world to meet their food needs and producing food in the most organic way
A healthy India via Ayushman Bharat with women having equal rights and concern for their safety and empowerment
Transforming India into a Minimum Government Maximum Governance nation with pro-active and responsible bureaucracy